Evidence from SINPHONIE project: Impact of home environmental exposures on respiratory health among school-age children in Romania
Several studies have reported an association between poor housing conditions and respiratory health. In particular, indoor tobacco smoke and heating systems were found to be associated with increased respiratory symptoms in children.
Especially in developing countries, residential environments are rapidly changing, and they might explain the rapid increase in asthma and allergy symptoms in these countries.
Very recently,Yi Lu and other authors used data from the SINPHONIE project to assess the influence of home indoor environment on Romanian student's health while controlling for school environment. They analysed data on 280 students (elementary schools) in 2011, and used Firth's corrected logistic regression models to address the issue of separation due to relatively small sample size.
The authors found that exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, pesticide sprays and incense sticks were associated with asthma and allergy symptoms. Moreover, they found that exposure to mold/dampness, air conditioning and the use of gas heater/iron stove were associated with flu-like symptoms. The authors highlight that most of the identified risk factors are preventable, providing critical information for Romanian policy makers to develop targeted interventions strategies.
Reference: Lu, Yi, et al. Evidence from SINPHONIE project: Impact of home environmental exposures on respiratory health among school-age children in Romania. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 621: 75-84.